Information on the water industry and Coronavirus (Covid-19)

In these challenging times, we remain committed to supporting the water sector and ensuring customers, particularly those who are most vulnerable, receive reliable water and waste services.

We remain in close contact with water companies on the water industry’s response to coronavirus.

Here, you can find advice and answers to questions you may have on your water supply and wastewater management during the outbreak. We will continue to update this page.

If you are worried about paying a bill as a result of the impact of coronavirus

If you are concerned about your ability to pay your water bill because of the impact of coronavirus on your health or job, or you have a general complaint about your water company, you should contact them in the first instance for help or to discuss it. Water UK has published some helpful guidance on this, including how to find out who your water is supplied by.

All water companies provide a range of support to customers, some aimed at customers in vulnerable circumstances, both long-term and short-term, and some for all customers at any time.

We expect companies to:

  • Consider schemes such as payment holidays and payment matching.
  • continue to help customers pay their bills through WaterSure, Social Tariffs and other affordability schemes.
  • continue to keep in close contact with their customers to make sure their customers are aware that such schemes are available in the event that someone is struggling to pay their bills.

If you remain unhappy with your response from your water company, please contact CCW, the statutory consumer body for the water sector in England and Wales, who will be able to offer further assistance and advice.

Make an enquiry or complaint on 0300 034 2222 (for customers in England) / 0300 034 3333 (for customers in Wales)

If you are concerned about the quality of your drinking water

Tap water remains perfectly safe to drink and there is no risk of contracting the virus through it. More information on how drinking water is treated can be found from the Drinking Water Inspectorate.

Information for business customers

The impacts of Covid-19 are being felt across the whole of the UK economy. Government and regulators have been acting together to support businesses through this period. In the water sector, Ofwat’s actions have been guided by the central principle of protecting customers’ short and long term interests – in particular by relieving businesses of the immediate pressure of having to pay water bills if impacted by Covid-19 while ensuring all customers have access to reliable water and associated retail services  now and into the future.

Many businesses will have reduced their commercial activities or have temporarily closed in the face of measures to combat the Coronavirus. Overall demand for water in the non-household sector over the next quarter is likely to fall as a result. Such reductions will not be immediately apparent to wholesalers and retailers, because for example settlement volumes will be on the basis of ‘business as usual’ forecasts of water usage. Absent other measures, this would mean retailers would be liable for paying wholesalers for higher volume consumption than would have occurred.

Ofwat and MOSL worked together to progress urgent code changes aimed at more accurately reflecting the amount of water being consumed by business customers. We also wanted to understand the impact of Covid-19 on retailers, in particular where they may be impacted by delayed payments, creating a liquidity issue in the market. In order to inform our thinking on these issues, we sent out two calls for inputs, one related to reduced demand and the other related to late payment.

On 30 March, working closely with the market operator MOSL, we put in place urgent retail code modifications to resolve the immediate liquidity problem facing retailers in the business retail market and align wholesale bills more accurately to the reduced consumption caused by temporary business closures.

On 16 April, we published a consultation proposing to introduce a package of measures which would be more enduring and protect the interests of customers.

Following a review of consultation responses, we presented our position in light of the responses and proposed a code change on liquidity[1] to the Industry Codes Panel. We have now published our decision document and decided on the following:

  • To provide for a further period of liquidity support to Retailers. Reflecting consultation responses and that the payment mechanism includes an element of catch-up of wholesale charges deferred in March and April, Retailers who opt into these deferred wholesale arrangements will be required to pay the higher of either:
    • 60% of primary charges due to the Wholesalers; or
    • 94% of the cash they have collected from their customers.
  • The 60% minimum proportion of wholesale bills due will be fixed for the settlement runs in May, June and July.
  • Retailers should receive liquidity support to the end of July 2020, where required, and all deferred wholesale charges should be paid back in full by the end of March 2021. We will review and consult on next steps early in the summer.
  • Wholesalers will be able to charge interest on deferred payments, including to incentivise Retailers to use other sources of liquidity (including government finance) where they can. We have decided to set a maximum interest rate of 5.98% nominal. This is equal to the PR19 nominal wholesale allowed return on capital plus 1%.
  • Retailers should be prepared to bear outturn bad debt costs to a level equivalent to 2% of their retail business market turnover. We will monitor the level of additional Covid-19 related bad debt emerging in the business retail market and if it looks like bad debt across the market is likely to exceed the 2% threshold, we will provide regulatory protections for a portion of this exposure. Retailers who have seen historic levels of bad debt in excess of 1% should expect to absorb – in full – such incremental bad debts costs up to an amount equal to an additional 1% of their annual turnover in addition to their historic, pre covid-19, levels of bad debt.
  • We have set a cap on the additional exposure that each Wholesaler will face as a result of providing liquidity to each Retailer. On a Retailer failing, the bad debt the Wholesaler will carry, after the price control sharing factor has been applied, will be capped at the £m figure equivalent to the average monthly wholesaler charge for that Retailer. Consistent with our objective to protect customers, this cap covers part, but not all, of the additional risk Wholesalers face from Covid-19 liquidity measures. We will not alter this cap even if the liquidity measures are extended beyond July.

While the decisions set out in this document provide much needed certainty and clarity to the sector on the issues of liquidity and bad debt in the medium-term, we are conscious of the need to continually review how Covid-19 is impacting the water sector and those operating within it, to ensure any interventions we make are timely, proportionate and fit for purpose.

On 15 May, we published a consultation proposing to introduce a code change that will continue to protect customers, while enabling Retailers to recover and manage debt from customers who are operating and are able to pay their water bill. We welcome your views on the questions detailed in section 7 of the document by 5pm on 20 May 2020.

On 9 June, Ofwat and MOSL wrote a joint letter to retailers concerning retailer reporting requirements.

On 15 June, we notified retail market stakeholders of our decision to extend the use of the Covid-19 temporary vacancy flag.

Together with the market operator MOSL and other industry stakeholders, we have taken a number of steps to protect the interests of business customers in the water sector during the Covid-19 pandemic. This included temporary sector-specific liquidity support, the aim of which was to provide Retailers with time to establish what other support – including Government support – they could gain access to.

Now, as we begin to experience the gradual easing of restrictions and with many businesses starting to reopen, we are reviewing the temporary measures implemented during the spring.

On 9 June 2020, we published a consultation on our proposals for next steps. We welcome your views by 5pm on 16 July 2020.

For more information on contacting Ofwat, please see the contact us page.

[1] See code change CPW096 on MOSL’s website here.